HMO Properties

What is an HMO Licence?

If a home is a house in multiple occupation (HMO) it must meet physical standards set by the licensing local authority. Living accommodation is an HMO if it is:

  • Occupied by three of more persons from three or more families
  • Is occupied by them as their only or main residence or in some other manner specified by the Scottish Ministers by order
  • Either a house, premises or a group of premises owned by the same person with shared basic amenities, or some other type of accommodation specified by the Scottish Ministers by order.
  • The legislation covers not only ordinary houses, flats and bedsits, but also other types of residential accommodation such as hostels and student halls of residence.
  • Accommodation within a building which is separate but shares use of a toilet, personal washing facilities or cooking facilities is taken to form part of a single HMO.


What is required for HMO License?

In order for a multiple occupancy property to be approved for letting, the property needs to be kept to current standards to ensure tenants are safe. Landlords have a legal obligation to ensure this is met.

It is a criminal offense to rent an HMO property without a license.

Services we provide to ensure your property is maintained and inspected to safe standard typically required by an HMO license, include installations of all systems to bring your property up to standard, and inspections at the required time frames to keep them compliant.

Smoke & Fire Alarm

Properties must have a mains wired interconnected smoke alarm system, this must be tested every year with a smoke alarm certificate issued.

Fire Fighting Equipment

Fire fighting equipment must be adequately provided and be maintained and inspected annually with certification.

Emergency Lighting

Properties must have a mains wired interconnected emergency lighting system, this must be tested every year with a certificate issued.

Gas Safety Inspections

Gas appliances, i.e. boilers, ovens, cookers, fires must be inspected annually by a gas safe registered engineer and certificates issued.

Electrical Installations

Electrical installations must be inspected and an EICR – Electical Installation Condition Report (used to be called PIR – Periodic Inspection Report) completed every 3 years for HMO properties.

Each room has certain requirements it must meet including the number of sockets provided.

Electrical appliances

All electrical appliances must be PAT – Portable Appliance Testing,  annually to ensure they are in a safe state of repair.

EPC – Energy Performance Certificate

An EPC must be provided for tenants and councils for every rental accommodation including HMO.

Legionella Risk Assessment

A risk assessment for legionalla should be carrier out periodically.